What is an antiphon in chant?

An antiphon (Greek ?ντίφωνον, ?ντί “opposite” and φωνή “voice”) is a short chant in Christian ritual, sung as a refrain. The texts of antiphons are the Psalms. Antiphonal music is that performed by two choirs in interaction, often singing alternate musical phrases.

The Introit (from Latin: introitus, “entrance“) is part of the opening of the liturgical celebration of the Eucharist for many Christian denominations. In its most complete version, it consists of an antiphon, psalm verse and Gloria Patri, which are spoken or sung at the beginning of the celebration.

Also Know, what is the communion antiphon? COMMUNION ANTIPHON. The chant (a psalm, hymn, or antiphon) that was historically sung by a soloist, the choir, or the congregation during the Communion of the priest and the faithful in the Roman Mass. In the Roman liturgy this chant is called the Communion antiphon (antiphona ad communionem ) or simply the Communion.

Secondly, what is an antiphon in the Catholic Mass?

Antiphon, in Roman Catholic liturgical music, chant melody and text sung before and after a psalm verse, originally by alternating choirs (antiphonal singing). The antiphon text normally referred to the meaning of the feast day or the psalm.

What is the difference between responsorial and antiphonal music?

In responsorial singing, the soloist (or choir) sings a series of verses, each one followed by a response from the choir (or congregation). In antiphonal singing, the verses are sung alternately by soloist and choir, or by choir and congregation.

What is a choral Introit?

noun. Roman Catholic Church. a part of a psalm with antiphon recited by the celebrant of the Mass at the foot of the altar and, at High Mass, sung by the choir when the priest begins the Mass. a choral response sung at the beginning of a religious service.

What is the responsorial psalm Catholic Mass?

RESPONSORIAL PSALM. The name applied in the General Instruction on the Roman Missal (GIRM) to the psalm after the first (Old Testament) reading in the 1969 revision of the Roman Rite of the Mass. Thus, the gradual and alleluia were originally responsorial chants.

How many O antiphons are there?

The Catholic personal ordinariates use the seven O Antiphons as the Alleluia Verse at masses from the 17th to the 23rd in strict traditional ordering, adding O Virgo virginum (see below) as the Alleluia verse for masses in the morning of 24 December.

What times are the Liturgy of the Hours prayed?

Lauds or Dawn Prayer (at dawn, about 5 a.m., but earlier in summer, later in winter) Prime or Early Morning Prayer (First Hour = approximately 6 a.m.) Terce or Mid-Morning Prayer (Third Hour = approximately 9 a.m.) Sext or Midday Prayer (Sixth Hour = approximately 12 noon)

What do you pray after communion?

I thank You, O holy Lord, almighty Father, eternal God, who have deigned, not through any merits of mine, but out of the condescension of Your goodness, to satisfy me a sinner, Your unworthy servant, with the precious Body and Blood of Your Son, our Lord Jesus Christ.

What is plainchant used for?

Listen to official albums & more. PLAINCHANT (also plainsong; Latin: cantus planus) is a body of chants used in the liturgies of the Western Church. Plainsong is monophonic, consisting of a single, unaccompanied melodic line. Its rhythm is generally freer than the metered rhythm of later Western music.

What is a responsorial chant?

Definition and background: a responsorial chant emphasizes the “response” between a soloist and the choir. Responsorial chants tend to be extremely elaborate, particularly in their second section (known as the verse) where the soloist performs the bulk of the musical material and the choir enters only at the end.

When did polyphony start to become important?

The inscription is believed to date back to the start of the 10th century and is the setting of a short chant dedicated to Boniface, patron Saint of Germany. It is the earliest practical example of a piece of polyphonic music – the term given to music that combines more than one independent melody – ever discovered.

What are the characteristics of plainchant?

Characteristics of Plainchant monophonic in texture (a single line) sung a cappella. sung in Latin. non-metric. composed in modes, or modal.

Who created Plainsong?

Pope Gregory I

Who created plainchant?

Pope Gregory I

What is monophonic in music?

In music, monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or “tune”), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player (e.g., a flute player) without accompanying harmony or chords. Many folk songs and traditional songs are monophonic.

What are the 5 characteristics of Gregorian chant?

Characteristics of Gregorian chants Harmony. Monophonic in texture, so have no harmony. Rhythm. No precise rhythm, notes may be held for a duration of short or long, but no complex rhythms are used. Form. Some Gregorian chants tend to be in ternary form. Texture. Gregorian chants are one of the few pieces of music that are entirely monophonic. Medium.

What is another term for Plainsong?

noun. the style of unison unaccompanied vocal music used in the medieval Church, esp in Gregorian chantAlso called: plainchant.